You might have heard talk recently about “Responsive Design” or “Responsive Web Design” (RWD). If you’re a designer, or do any kind of Web design, you’ll certainly have heard about it. In this article I’m going to explain what Responsive Web Design is, how it relates to Joomla and what you should know if you want to make your site responsive.
So What is Responsive Web Design?It must have happened to you. You open a web page on your mobile device and it looks all squashed and tiny. You constantly have to increase the size of the font and scroll left to right to read the content. It’s annoying. That’s a site that isn’t using responsive design. However, if you go to a web page and find that everything is laid out perfectly with no need to scroll or resize, there is a good chance it’s using a responsive design.
When a website is responsive, the layout and/or content adapts to the size of screen on which it’s presented. A responsive website automatically changes to fit the device you’re reading it on.Responsive design usually reacts to four kinds of screens: the widescreen desktop monitor; the smaller desktop (or laptop); the tablet; and the mobile phone. Here’s a screenshot of one of the Joomla responsive templates from JoomlArt.com. As you can see on each device, the layout looks a little different. On every device though, the design looks great with no tiny text.
How Does Responsive Design Work?Responsive design works by using @media queries to identify the size of the device screen and present a layout based on that size. It’s something you can test easily. Go to this page and drag the browser window to scale it down. You’ll see the layout change.
When Did the Responsive Design Trend Take Off?According to Google Trends, people started searching for the term “Responsive Web Design” only in the middle of 2011 — so it’s all pretty new. But as more and more people use their mobile devices to access the Web, it’s been growing fast. Users expect a good experience whether they’re on an iPad, a Galaxy or a desktop. If they don’t get it, they’ll go elsewhere.
Joomla Responsive Design“Joomla Responsive” only turned up in Google Trends in the third quarter of this year so it’s even newer! But it is catching up very quickly, and every Web designer, template provider and extension developer needs to know what it means and how it works.
Responsive Joomla TemplatesI’ve been looking at some of the most popular template clubs to see if they provide responsive templates. Most do. Some, like RocketTheme, have just started and offer only one responsive Joomla template. Others already have three or four responsive Joomla templates. A surprisingly large number of Joomla extensions are also already responsive, most involving images and media.
Should I make my Joomla site responsive?You may think at this point that the answer should be yes. But hold your horses! Sure, responsive design is a great idea… if you have a simple site without too many extensions. Those extensions can cause trouble if they’re not as responsive as the template. Just take a look at the example below. This is a responsive template with a video using the AllVideos plugin from Joomlaworks.gr. This plugin doesn’t add the videos in a responsive way… although there is a way to do it. If you want a responsive Joomla site, every front end extension you use has to be responsive. It’s going to take the Joomla development community a bit of time to catch up with that. At iJoomla we plan to dedicate the rest of this year, and much of next year, to making all of our extensions responsive. We’ll start with iJoomla DigiStore, our Joomla eCommerce solution. (Imagine a responsive shopping cart — now that’s sweet!) Then we’ll move to Guru, our Joomla LMS, so that students can view their lessons easily on their iPads or iPhones or whatever device they may be using. Once you have both a responsive Joomla template and responsive front end extensions, you’ll have a real responsive Joomla site.
And in the Meantime?Until all your extensions are responsive, you can use any of the other Joomla mobile solutions:
- WeeverApps will create a slick app of your website’s content. It’s cool but does have a few issues which the company is working on. WeeverApps also has a very limited support to third party extensions, but it’s great if you have a simple site with mainly text content.
- Mobile Joomla will display your Joomla site differently depending on the device. I tried to use it and had quite a few problems. We’re trying to make it work but it’s hard going. I’ll let you know how we get on.
- Some template clubs have a built-in mobile version. I believe this trend will fall away as soon as the responsive Joomla templates catch on.
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